Acquiring real estate is the most serious financial decision most people could ever consider. Whether it's where you raise your family, a seasonal vacation property or one of many rentals, the purchase of real property is an involved transaction that requires multiple parties to pull it all off.
The majority of the people participating are quite familiar. The real estate agent is the most recognizable face in the transaction. Then, the mortgage company provides the money needed to fund the deal. And ensuring all areas of the sale are completed and that the title is clear to pass from the seller to the buyer is the title company.
So, what party is responsible for making sure the value of the real estate is consistent with the purchase price? This is where the appraiser comes in. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer might expect to pay — or a seller receive — for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A licensed, certified, professional appraiser from Appraisers of NE Ohio will ensure, you as an interested party, are informed.
Appraisals begin with the inspection
Our first task at Appraisers of NE Ohio is to inspect the property to determine its true status. We must physically see features, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they really are present and are in the shape a reasonable buyer would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the property, ensuring the square footage is accurate and illustrating the layout of the property. Most importantly, the appraiser looks for any obvious features - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the property.
Back at the office, an appraiser uses two or three approaches to determining the value of the property: a sales comparison, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
Here, the appraiser gathers information on local building costs, labor rates and other factors to ascertain how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This estimate usually sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. The cost approach is also the least used method.
Paired Sales Analysis
Appraisers can tell you a lot about the subdivisions in which they appraise. They thoroughly understand the value of particular features to the people of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent sales in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the subject being appraised. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as upgraded appliances, extra bathrooms, additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they more accurately portray the features of subject property.
An opinion of what the subject could sell for can only be determined once all differences between the comps and the subject have been evaluated. When it comes to associating a value with features of homes in Northfield and Summit, Appraisers of NE Ohio is your local authority. The sales comparison approach to value is typically given the most importance when an appraisal is for a home exchange.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
In the case of income producing properties - rental houses for example - we may use a third approach to value. In this scenario, the amount of income the property yields is factored in with other rents in the area for comparable properties to give an indicator of the current value.
Examining the data from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to state an estimated market value for the subject property. Note: While the appraised value is probably the most reliable indication of what a property is worth, it may not be the price at which the property closes. It's not uncommon for prices to be driven up or down by extenuating circumstances like the motivation or urgency of a seller or 'bidding wars'. Regardless, the appraised value is often used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property is actually worth. At the end of the day, an appraiser from Appraisers of NE Ohio will help you get the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make the most informed real estate decisions.